The Iran nuclear deal was abandoned by the United States under the Trump administration and talks to resuscitate the deal in Vienna were suspended at the end of June after six rounds between Iran, China, Germany, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and – indirectly – the United States. The Biden administration has pledged to reinstate the deal, but the president‘s negotiators faced tough discussions and decisions on how to do it. At the same time, Iran has resumed enriching uranium once the Trump administration withdrew the United States from the deal and became more belligerent in the Middle East, as new and pure rulers and hardships have come to power and that Iranian-backed militias continue to hit American troops.
Biden held a meeting with three of the leaders of the nations that are parties to the deal – German Chancellor Angela Merkel, French President Emmanuel Macron and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson – on Saturday at the G20. The leaders then declared themselves “convinced that it is possible to reach and implement quickly an agreement on the return to full compliance” of the Iran nuclear deal.
The meeting took place two days after the United States imposed new sanctions on Iran linked to its drone program and less than a week after Tehran announced it would return to nuclear talks in Vienna after a four-month break.
US officials are very skeptical that further discussions on how to handle Iran’s nuclear program will yield the desired results and are actively discussing the imposition of sanctions on Tehran.
Sources in Washington told CNN that there was an ongoing debate within the Biden administration about how to proceed and to what extent to increase the pressure on Iran, with some sources believing that the United States and their allies are now more willing to impose a higher cost on Iran for its failure. reach an agreement if Tehran continues to take measures inconsistent with the 2015 nuclear deal and brings it closer to developing a nuclear weapon.
US officials have previously indicated that they want the United States to return to the negotiating table in late November. But negotiators selected by Iran’s tough new leadership openly oppose the nuclear deal, leaving Washington with little optimism.
When on Sunday whether his administration would respond if Iran launches drone strikes or makes any other provocation, Biden replied, “We will continue to respond.”